Monday, March 29, 2010

March is Women's History Month

Rosa Parks

Photo taken of Rosa Parks in 1955
 with Martine Luther King Jr.
 in the background.

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks
(February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005)
 was an African American civil rights activist
whom the U.S. Congress later called the
 "Mother of the Modern-Day
Civil Rights Movement."

On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama,
Parks, age 42, refused to obey bus driver
James Blake's order that she give up her
seat to make room for a white passenger.

Parks' act of defiance became an
important symbol of the modern
 Civil Rights Movement and Parks
became an international icon of resistance
 to racial segregation. She organized and
collaborated with civil rights leaders, including
boycott leader Martin Luther King, Jr.,
 helping to launch him to national
 prominence in the civil rights movement.


In 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks, a barber
from Montgomery, at her mother's house.
 Raymond was a member of the NAACP.  After
her marriage, Rosa took numerous jobs, ranging
 from domestic worker to hospital aide. At her
husband's urging, she finished her high school
studies in 1933, at a time when less than 7% of
African Americans had a high school diploma.
 Despite the Jim Crow laws that made political
 participation by black people difficult, she
succeeded in registering to vote on her third try.

In December 1943,
Parks became active in the Civil Rights
Movement, joined the Montgomery chapter 
of the NAACP, and was elected volunteer
secretary to its president, Edgar Nixon.

Of her position, she later said,
 "I was the only woman there,
and they needed a secretary,
and I was too timid to say no."

 She continued as secretary until 1957.
 In the 1940s, Parks and her husband were
members of the Voters' League.
Sometime soon after 1944, she held a
brief job at Maxwell Air Force Base,
a federally owned area where racial
segregation was not allowed,
 and rode on an integrated trolley.


Speaking to her biographer, Parks noted,
 "You might just say Maxwell opened my eyes up."


 Parks worked as a housekeeper
and seamstress for a white couple,
Clifford and Virginia Durr. The politically
 liberal Durrs became her friends and
encouraged Parks to attend—
and eventually helped sponsor her—
at the Highlander Folk School,
an education center for workers' rights and
racial equality in Monteagle, Tennessee,
 in the summer of 1955.


Photo of the bus where Rosa Parks
would not give up her seat!

After a day at work at Montgomery Fair
department store, Parks boarded the
Cleveland Avenue bus at around 6 p.m.,
Thursday, December 1, 1955,
in downtown Montgomery.

She paid her fare and sat in an
 empty seat in the first row of
 back seats reserved for blacks
 in the "colored" section, which was
 near the middle of the bus
and directly behind the ten seats
 reserved for white passengers.

Initially, she had not noticed that
the bus driver was the same man,
 James F. Blake, who had left her in
the rain in 1943. As the bus traveled
 along its regular route, all of the
white-only seats in the bus filled up. The
bus reached the third stop in front
of the Empire Theater, and several
white passengers boarded.

Years later, in recalling the
events of the day, Parks said,

"When that white driver stepped back toward us,
when he waved his hand and ordered
us up and out of our seats, I felt a determination
cover my body like a quilt on a winter night."

Parks said,
"The driver wanted us to
 stand up, the four of us.
 We didn't move at the beginning,
but he says, 'Let me have these seats.'
 And the other three people moved,
but I didn't."

During a 1956 radio interview
with Sydney Rogers in West Oakland
several months after her arrest,
when asked why she had decided
not to vacate her bus seat,

 Parks said,
 "I would have to know for once
 and for all what rights I had
 as a human being and a citizen."

She also detailed her motivation
 in her autobiography,
My Story:
“ People always say that I didn't give up
my seat because I was tired,
but that isn't true. I was not tired physically,
 or no more tired than I usually was
at the end of a working day. I was
not old, although some people
have an image of me as being old then.
I was forty-two. No, the only tired I was,
was tired of giving in.
I did not want to be mistreated,
I did not want to be deprived
 of a seat that I had paid for.
 It was just time...
there was opportunity for me
to take a stand to express the way
 I felt about being treated in that manner.
I had not planned to get arrested.
I had plenty to do without having
to end up in jail. But when I had
to face that decision, I didn't hesitate
to do so because I felt that we had
 endured that too long. The more
 we gave in, the more we complied
with that kind of treatment,
the more oppressive it became."

The day of Parks' trial
— Monday, December 5, 1955 —
 the WPC distributed the 35,000 leaflets.
The handbill read,
 "We are...asking every Negro
to stay off the buses Monday
in protest of the arrest and trial ...
You can afford to stay out of school
 for one day. If you work, take a cab,
or walk. But please, children and grown-ups,
 don't ride the bus at all on Monday.
 Please stay off the buses Monday."


It rained that day, but the black community
persevered in their boycott. Some rode in carpools,
while others traveled in black-operated cabs
 that charged the same fare as the bus, 10 cents.
Most of the remainder of the 40,000 black
commuters walked, some as far as 20 miles.
 In the end, the boycott lasted for 381 days.
Dozens of public buses stood idle for months,
severely damaging the bus transit company's
 finances, until the law requiring segregation
on public buses was lifted.


Through her role in sparking the boycott,
Parks played an important part in
internationalizing the awareness of the
plight of African Americans and the
civil rights struggle.


King wrote in his 1958 book
Stride Toward Freedom
that Parks' arrest was the
precipitating factor,
rather than the cause,
of the protest:

"The cause lay deep in the
record of similar injustices."

 He stated,
"Actually, no one can understand the
action of Mrs. Parks unless he realizes
that eventually the cup of endurance runs over,
and the human personality cries out,
"I can take it no longer."

Rosa Parks in 1964

.Parks resided in Detroit until she died at
 the age of 92 on October 24, 2005,
City officials in Montgomery and Detroit
 announced on October 27, 2005 that
the front seats of their city buses would be
 reserved with black ribbons in honor of Parks
 until her funeral.


On October 25, 2005, Parks' coffin was
 flown to Montgomery and taken in a
horse-drawn hearse to the St. Paul
African Methodist Episcopal  church,
where she lay in repose at the altar,
dressed in the uniform of a church deaconess,
A memorial service was held there
the following morning, and one of the speakers,
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice,
said that if it had not been for Parks,
she would probably have never
become the Secretary of State.


In the evening the casket was
transported to Washington, D.C., and
taken, aboard a bus similar to the one
in which she made her protest, to lie
 in honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda,
 making her the first woman and second
African American ever to receive this honor.


Parks received most of her national accolade
 very late in life, with relatively few awards
and honors being given to her until many decades
after the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

In 1979, the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People
 awarded Parks the Spingarn Medal
 its highest honor, and she received the
Martin Luther King Jr. Award the next year.

Rosa Parks is pictured here when
she accepted the award
from the NAACPin 1979

She was inducted into the
Michigan Women's Hall of Fame
in 1983 for her achievements
 in civil rights.

In 1990, she was called at the last moment
to be part of the group welcoming Nelson Mandela,
who had just been released from his imprisonment
 in South Africa. Upon spotting her in the reception line,
 Mandela called out her name and, hugging her, said,
"You sustained me while I was in prison all those years."

 In 1992, she received the
 Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award
along with Dr. Benjamin Spock and others
at the Kennedy Library and Museum
in Boston, Massachusetts.

On September 9, 1996,
President Bill Clinton
 presented Parks with the
Presidential Medal of Freedom,
the highest honor given by the
U.S. executive branch.

Rosa Parks pictured here when she
accepted the award from Bill Clinton in 1996

In 1998, she became the first
recipient of the International Freedom
Conductor Award given by the
National Underground
Railroad Freedom Center.


The next year, Parks was awarded
the Congressional Gold Medal,
the highest award given by the
 U.S. legislative branch and received the
Detroit-Windsor International Freedom
 Festival Freedom Award.

 In 1999, Time magazine
 named Parks one of
the 20 most influential and
 iconic figures of the
twentieth century.

 In 2000, her home state awarded her
the Alabama Academy of Honor,
as well as the first Governor's
 Medal of Honor for Extraordinary Courage.

She was awarded two dozen honorary
 doctorates from universities worldwide,
and was made an honorary member
of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated.

On December 1, 2000,
the Rosa Parks Library and Museum
on the campus of Troy University
in Montgomery, was dedicated to her.
It is located on the corner where
Parks boarded the famed bus.

In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed
Parks on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans.

On October 30, 2005, President George W. Bush
issued a proclamation ordering that all flags on
U.S. public areas both within the country
and abroad be flown at half-staff on the
day of Parks' funeral.

On December1, 2005,  
President George W. Bush
signed Pub.L. 109-116 ,
directing that a statue of Parks
be placed in the United States
Capitol's National Statuary Hall.
In signing the resolution directing
 the Joint Commission on the Library
 to do so, the President stated:

“ By placing her statue in the heart of the
 nation's Capitol, we commemorate
 her work for a more perfect union, and
we commit ourselves to continue to
struggle for justice for every American. ”


I have learned over the years that when
one's mind is made up, this diminishes fear;
knowing what must be done does away with fear.

Stand for something or
you will fall for anything.
Today's mighty oak is
yesterday's nut that held its ground.

I knew someone had to take the first step
 and I made up my mind not to move.

I do the very best I can to look upon life
with optimism and hope and looking forward
 to a better day, but I don't think there
 is anything such as complete happiness.

I think when you say you're happy,
you have everything that you need
and everything that you want,
and nothing more to wish for.
I haven't reached that stage yet.

I would like to be known as a person who
is concerned about freedom and equality
 and justice and prosperity for all people.

The 8 free images are in public domain and can be found at this link:

Friday, March 26, 2010


For the past three 
 Postcard Friendship Friday's,
I have not been able to post  due to
an illness, a hectic schedule, and spring break!!
I've had a lot on my plate lately! 
  I am going to post 4 postcards,
 3 postcards for the Friday's I missed
sharing with you and 1 for today!

I have a theme for the
cards that I am sharing with you today!!

Let Me Entertain You!

Un de mes favoris !
Les cartes postales de cru du bidon
peuvent des filles sont belles !

Translation:  One of my favorites!
The Vintage postcards
of the Can Can girls are lovely!

Le cirque est en ville !
Quels costumes lumineux
 et colorés ils utilisent !

Translation: The circus is in town!
What bright and colorful costumes they wear!

Une belle fille d'exposition de Paris a cessé
de danser assez longtemps à la pose pour une image !

Translation: A beautiful show girl stopped
dancing long enough to pose for a picture!

Et que cette belle femme pourrait-elle chanter ?
Aucun doute, une chanson d'amour
française à son amour vrai !

And what might this beautiful woman be singing?
No doubt, a French love song to her true love!

I hope you liked your "little France get-away"!!
Wasn't the  Paris shows and music so exciting!?!
Especially the "Can-Can"!!

Dear Friends,
Thank you for stopping
 by to see my postcards
and have a great weekend,
 thinking of Paris!

March is Women's History Month

Anna Mary Robertson Moses

 (September 7, 1860 – December 13, 1961),

Anna Robertson,
 is better known as "Grandma Moses".
 She was a renowned American folk artist.
She is most often cited as an example of
an individual successfully beginning a
career in the arts at an advanced age.

She was strong willed!

She didn't  allow her
age to interfere with
her desire to paint.

She was born in Greenwich,  New York and
lived there until at age 27, when she married
her husband, Thomas S. Moses, and
 moved to rural Virginia with him to farm.
They had 10 children but 5 died at birth.

She had a very
 strong positive attitude.

She didn't allow the
sadness of death to destroy
her life or her family.

Moses began painting in her seventies after
abandoning a career in embroidery because
 of arthritis. Louis J. Caldor, a collector,
discovered her paintings in a Hoosick Falls,
New York drugstore window in 1938.

She had the Courage
to move back to New York
after her husband died
and began to paint.

 In 1939, an art dealer, Otto Kallir, exhibited
some of her work in his Galerie Saint-Etienne
 in New York.

She was Disciplined!

She didn't  allow her
arthritis to become an
 excuse not to paint!

This brought her to the attention of
 collectors all over the world, and her
 paintings became highly sought after. She
 went on to exhibit her work throughout
Europe and in Japan, where her work was
particularly well received. She continued her
prolific output of paintings, the demand for
which never diminished during her lifetime.

She had Stamina!

She did not allow
her age to stop her
from traveling to
Europe and Japan to 
exhibit her art work. 

Grandma Moses painted mostly scenes of rural life.
 Many of her early paintings in the realist style
 were given to family members as thank-you gifts
 after her visits. She painted well over 3600
paintings  in 3decades. Before her fame, she
would charge $2 for a small painting and
$3 for a large one.

Important Works:

Sugaring Off, 1943
Wash Day, 1945
A Beautiful World, 1948
The Thunderstorm, 1948
The Old Checkered House in Winter, 1950

She had the
Determination to see her
dreams come true!

President Harry S. Truman presented her with the
Women's National Press Club trophy Award
 for outstanding accomplishment in art in 1949.

She possessed Humility!

In 1951 she appeared on See It Now,
a television program hosted by Edward R. Murrow.

She embraced her Creativity!

In 1952 she published her autobiography and titled it
Grandma Moses: My Life's History.

She possessed an amazing
 amount of Vitality!

On her 100th birthday in 1960, New York
Governor Nelson Rockefeller proclaimed the
 day "Grandma Moses Day" in her honor.

She had no Regrets!

In November 2006, her work
 Sugaring Off (1943), became
her highest selling work at
US $1.2 million. The work was
a clear example of the simple
rural scenes she became known for.

She left behind an example
 to never allow age or
anything else come between
 what you desire to do!

A 1942 piece,
The Old Checkered House,1862
was appraised at the
Memphis 2004 Antiques Roadshow.
Originally purchased in the 1940s for
under $10, the piece was assigned
an insurance value of $60,000
 by the appraiser, Alan Fausel.

Another of her paintings,
Fourth of July, was given by Otto Kallir
to the White House and still hangs there today.

She made every day
of her life count!

The character Granny on the popular 1960s rural
comedy television series "The Beverly Hillbillies"
 was named Daisy Moses as an homage to
Grandma Moses, who died shortly before
 the series began.

She realized the benefit
 of true friendship was
to be a true friend.

Norman Rockwell, who, for a time,
 lived inArlington, Vermont, was a friend of
Grandma Moseswho lived in nearby
Eagle Bridge, New York.
Grandma Moses also appears on the far
leftedge in the Norman Rockwell painting
"Christmas Homecoming",
which was printed on the cover of the
Saturday Evening Post of  December 25, 1948. 

There is probably no other figure in Art History
who needs less analysis than Grandma Moses.

She was exactly who
 she seemed to be.


Life is what we make it,
always has been, always will be.

If I didn't start painting,
I would have raised chickens.

I paint from the top down.
From the sky, then the mountains,
then the hills, then the houses,
 then the cattle, and then the people.

I look back on my life like a good day's work;
it was done and I am satisfied with it.

A primitive artist is an amateur whose work sells.

A strange thing is memory, and hope;
 one looks backward, and the other forward;
one is of today, the other of tomorrow.
Memory is history recorded in our brain,
memory is a painter, it paints pictures
of the past and of the day.

Painting's not important.
The important thing is keeping busy.

1 image in public domain was used in this post.
The link is here:

***There were no images of Grandma Moses'
work  in public domain. Just Google her
name to find links to see her art work.

Thursday, March 25, 2010

March is Women's History Month

Dorothea Lange

Dorothea Lange

Dorothea Lange was an influential American
documentary photographer and photojournalist,
 best known for her Depression-era work
for the Farm Security Administration.
 Lange's photographs humanized the tragic
consequences of the Great Depression and
 profoundly influenced the development of
documentary photography.

Migrant worker

Migrant children

In 1902, Dorothea developed polio in at age 7.
She emerged from the illness  with a weakened
right leg, and a permanent limp. When she was
12 years old, her father abandoned her and
 her mother. She promptly changed her last
name to that of her mother's madien name.

 Lange was educated in photography in
New York City. In 1918, she moved to
San Francisco, and by the following year she
 had opened a successful portrait studio. She lived
across the bay in Berkeley for the rest of her life.
In 1920, she married the noted western painter
Maynard Dixonand had two sons. One, born in 1925,
 was named Daniel Rhoades Dixon. The second child,
born in 1929,was named John Eaglesfeather Dixon.

Migrant girl with umbrella

Migrant girl on crutches traveling from Oklahoma

Depression migrants traveling to California

Another migrant family traveling to find work

Sign says " Cotton Pickers Needed"

With the onset of the Great Depression,
Lange turned her camera lens from the studio
to the street. Her studies of unemployed and
 homeless people captured the attention of
local photographers and led to her employment
with the federal Resettlement Administration,
 later called the Farm Security Administration.

People waiting on their Relief Checks

Destitute Man at a deserted store

Homeles  family of 7 walking to find work picking cotton

In December 1935, she divorced Dixon 
and married agricultural economist
Paul Schuster Taylor, Professor of Economics
at the University of California, Berkeley.
Taylor educated Lange in social and
political matters, and together they documented
rural poverty and the exploitation of sharecroppers
and migrant laborers for the next five years —
Taylor interviewing and gathering economic data,
Lange taking photos.

Abandoned sawmill in Idaho

Poverty of the Sharecroppers

A house being moved through the main street of town

Migrant families living behind this big sign to
keep the wind off of them

Lighthearted migrant children after work

Migrant family playing music after work

From 1935 to 1939, Lange's work for the RA and FSA
 brought the plight of the poor and forgotten —
particularly sharecroppers, displaced farm families,
and migrant workers — to public attention.
Distributed free to newspapers across the country,
 her poignant images became icons of the era

Lange's best-known picture is titled "Migrant Mother."
The woman in the photo is Florence Owens Thompson

In 1960,
Lange spoke about
 her experience
taking the photograph:

"I saw and approached the hungry and
desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet.
 I do not remember how I explained
my presence or my camera to her, but I
do remember she asked me no questions.
I made five exposures,working closer
and closer from the same direction. I did 
notask her name or her history. She told me
her age, that she was thirty-two. She said
that they had been living on frozen
 vegetables from the surrounding fields,
and birds that the children killed. She
hadjust sold the tires from her
car to buy food. There she sat in that
 lean-to tent with her children huddled
around her, and seemed to know
that my pictures might help  her, and
so she helped me. There was a
sort of equality about it."

Florence Owens Thompson

In 1941, Lange was awarded a
 Guggenheim Fellowship for excellence
 in photography. After the attack on
 Pearl Harbor, she gave up the prestigious
award to record the forced evacuation of
Japanese Americans to relocation camps,
on assignment for the War Relocation Authority.
  She covered the rounding up of Japanese
 Americans and their internment in relocation camps,
 highlighting Manzanar, the first of the permanent
internment camps. To many observers, her photograph
 of Japanese-American children pledging allegiance
to the flag shortly before they were sent to
 internment camps is a haunting reminder of
this policy of detaining people without charging
them with any crime or affording them any appeal.

Japanese-American children lined up
 to pledge Allegience to the Flag.

Japenese-American Internment Camp

Japanese-American Mochida Family getting
ready to go the the Internment Camp

Members of the Shibuya Family before they
 evacuated their home for the Internment Camp

Japanese-American children in
school at the Internment Camp

Her images were so obviously critical
that the Army impounded them.
Today her photographs of the internment
are available in the National Archives
on the website of the Still Photographs Division,
 and at the Bancroft Library of the
 University of California, Berkeley.

Dorothea Lange died of esophageal cancer
 on October 11, 1965, age 70.

In 1972 the Whitney Museum used
27 of Lange's photographs in an
exhibit entitled Executive Order 9066.
 This exhibit highlighted theJapanese
 Internment during World War II.

On december 15. 2008,  Dorothea  Lange was
 inducted into the California Hall of Fame,
located at The California Museum
 for  History, Women and the Arts.
  Her son accepted the honor in her place.

***Famous Quotes***

One should really use the camera as though
 tomorrow you'd be stricken blind.To live
 a visual life is an enormous undertaking,
 practically unattainable. I have only touched it,
 just touched it.

Being disabled gave me an immense advantage.
People are kinder to you.
It puts you on a different level than
 if you go into a situation whole and secure.

Photography takes an instant out of time,
altering life by holding it still.

Pick a theme and work it to exhaustion...
the subject must be something
you truly love or truly hate.

While there is perhaps a province in
which the photograph can tell us nothing
 more than what we see with our own eyes, 
there is another in which it proves to
 us how little our eyes permit us to see.

The article about Dorothea Lange  can be found at this link:

The photographs of  Dorothea Lange can be found a here:

Monday, March 15, 2010

March Is Women's History Month

Jane Austen

What is your favorite Jane Austen novel?
What is your favorite movie?
 Pride and Prejudice?
Sense and Sensibility?

I would have to say that I have
never read any of Jane Austen's novels!
I know, I know... I should  read the
whole collection someday
I do have a favorite movie!
It's Pride and Predjudice! 
 I love Mr. Darcy! 
Who wouldn't!
I just loved the whole movie! 
Emma takes a close second  because
I love the storyline, it is so sweet, 
and  Gynweth Paltrow did a great
job playing Emma! I love to watch the movies
because I love looking at all of the beautiful dresses. 
These movies are so well produced and directed,
staying true to that time period in set and costume design. 
 You feel as if you are being taken back in time,
watching the characters as Jane must have
 imagined them when first writing her novels.

Here are some lovely pictures from the Jane Austen movies!


Pride and Prejudice

I just had to get one in of Mr. Darcy!

Sense and Sensibility

to see more of the gowns go to this web site:

After watching the movie about fifty times,
I found the Emma dress patterns on the web and
ordered them for myself and my little girls! 
Of course, you know that I haven't made them
yet but the  material and patterns is in safe keeping..
and maybe one day soon...maybe for Easter!!

Jane Austen was an English novelist whose works of
romantic fiction earned her a place  as one
of the most widely read writers in English Literature.
Jane lived her entire life with her close-knit family
and they strongly supported her dream
to become a professional writer. 
She was educated by her father and two brothers
as well as through her own reading.
 She tried several  literary forms and then
wrote extensively, revising three major novels. 
 From 1811 until 1816,
she had written and pulished four novels 
and achieved success as a published writer.
 In 1818, she had two more novels published and a
third novel but she died before it was completely finished.

                    1811:    Sense and Sensibility
                1813:    Pride an Prejudice
            1814:    Mansfield Park
                 1818:   Northanger Abbey
      1818:    Persuasion

Title pages and illustrations
 from  these novels:

Sense and Sensibility


No Illustrations



Illustration from Northanger Abbey

Illustration from Persuasion

 Jane Austen wrote about the dependence
 of women on marriage to secure a
social standing and economic security.
All of her writing was strongly
 influencedby moral issues of the day. 

During Austen's lifetime,
because she chose to publish anonymously,
her works brought her little personal fame
and only a few positive reviews.
Through the mid-nineteenth century,
her novels were admired mainly
by members of the literary elite.
The publication of her nephew's
A Memoir of Jane Austen in 1869,
 introduced her to a far wider public
which became more interested in her novels.
By the 1940s, Austen had become widely
accepted as a "great English writer".
 In popular culture, a Jane Austen fan culture
 has developed, centered on her life,
 her works, and the various film
and television adaptations of them.

Thomas LeFroy

When Austen was twenty,
she met and fell in-love with Tom Lefroy, 
who visited Steventon from
 December 1795 to January 1796.
He had just finished a university degree
 and was moving to London
to train as a barrister.
Lefroy and Austen were probably
 introduced at a neighbourhood
social gathering and  spent a
considerable amount of time together.
The Lefroy family intervened and
sent him away at the end of January.
 Lefroy and Austen must have known
 that marriage was impractical..
Neither had any money, and he was
dependent on a great-uncle in Ireland
to finance his education and
establish his legal career.
 If Tom Lefroy later visited Hampshire,
 he was carefully kept away from the Austens,
and Jane Austen never saw him again.
This dramatic event in her life inspired 
Jane to write  the novel "Pride and Prejudice".

A watercoler of Jane with her sister, Cassandra

In December 1802,
Austen received her only proposal of marriage.
 She and her sister, Cassandra, visited Alethea and
Catherine Bigg, old friends who lived near Basingstoke.
Their younger brother, Harris Bigg-Wither,
had recently finished his education at
 Oxford and was also at home.  He was the
 heir to extensive family estates located in the area
where the sisters had grown up. With these resources,
Austen could provide her parents a comfortable
old age and assist her brothers in their careers.
By the next morning, Austen realised
she had made a mistake and withdrew her acceptance,
stating that she could  not marry without affection.

Stevenston Rectory
where Jane Austen was born

Early in 1816, Jane Austen began to feel unwell.
She ignored her illness at first and
continued to work and to participate
in the usual round of family activities.
By the middle of that year, her decline was
 unmistakable to Jane and to her family,
and Austen's physical condition began a
long, slow, and irregular deterioration
 culminating in her death the following year.

Jane's home in Chawton where she spent her adult years writing
Jane  continued to work in spite of her illness.
She  made light of her condition to others,
describing it as "Bile" and rheumatism,
but as her disease progressed
she experienced increasing difficulty walking
or finding the energy for other activities.
By mid-April, Austen was confined to her bed.
In May, their brother Henry took Jane to 
 Winchester for medical treatment.

Jane's Brother
Henry Austen

She died in Winchester on
 July 18, 1817, at the age of 41.
 Henry arranged for his sister to be
 buried in the north aisle of the
 nave of Winchester Cathedral.
The epitaph composed by her
 brother James praises Austen's personal
qualities, expresses hope for
 her salvation,and mentions the
"extraordinary endowments of her mind".

Jane's Brother
James Austen

Black silhouette of Jane Austen

A black silhouette of Cassandra Elizabeth Austen
Jane Austen's Sister

A black silhouette of  Cassandra Leigh Austen
Jane Austen's Mother


A lady's imagination is very rapid;
 it jumps from admiration to love,
from love to matrimony in a moment.

Friendship is certainly the finest balm
for the pangs of disappointed love.

If things are going untowardly one month,
they are sure to mend the next.

It sometimes happens that a woman is handsomer
at twenty-nine than she was ten years before.

Let other pens dwell on guilt and misery.

Selfishness must always be forgiven you know,
 because there is no hope of a cure.

There is no charm equal to tenderness of heart.

 There is nothing like staying at home for real comfort.

Those who do not complain are never pitied.
To be fond of dancing was a certain step towards falling in love.
 What is right to be done cannot be done too soon.

Vanity and pride are different things,
though the words are often used synonymously.
 A person may be proud without being vain.
Pride relates more to our opinion of ourselves;
 vanity, to what we would have others think of us.


The 30 free images are in
public domain and offered
at these links: